Although boxing remains a popular sport both for amateurs and professionals, it lacks the medical and financial support of other sports. Amateur boxing has a lower injury rate than progressional boxing due to the the shorter fight periods, headgear and increased glove padding.

The great majority of injuries in boxing are head injuries with mild cerebral concussions being the most common. Injuries in amateur boxing have an incidence of 0.92 injuries her man-hour of competition. Head injuries account for over 50% of boxing injuries in competition. Twenty percent of injuries are to the wrist and hand. Twenty percent are to the face and less than 10% are to the remaining body parts all together.

Hand injuries in boxing are often to the thumb. The thumb is is prone to forced abduction injuries (gamekeepers thumb) especially in amateur boxing were taping is not done. Other reported hand injuries include extensor tendon partial tears, metacarpal fractures and trapezium fractures.

Injuries to the face account for 20% of boxing injuries with nasal fractures and facial lacerations being the most common.

Leg injuries in boxing are similar to those of runners and are generally related to road-work or skipping rope.

Porter M, Clin J Sports Med 1996;6:97

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