Cycling, including road biking and mountain biking has become increasingly popular in recent years. Mountain biking has seen an enormous increase in popularity in recent years.

Cycling Injuries
The most common injuries in cycling are minor abrasions, and lacerations followed by contusions, sprains/strains and fractures/dislocations. The most common complaints for mountain bikers are low back pain, knee pain, wrist pain and hand numbness. Bikers involved in competitions are more likely to be injured than those who are not competing. Cyclers riding uphill are 76% less likely to sustain an injury than those riding on level ground or downhill.

Traumatic injuries in cycling are typically related to falling over the handlebars which causes shoulder and head injuries. The most common fracture sustained in cycling is a clavicle fracture with rib and tibia fractures being next most common. Injuries to the shoulder are the most common with clavicle fractures and cromioclavicular joint injuries being the most common shoulder injuries. Concussion is common as well, especially for those not wearing helmets.

Cycling Injury Prevention
Most cycling or biking injuries can be prevented by planning and the use of appropriate cycling equipment. First, a bike helmet is a must and is the most important preventive piece of equipment for cycling. Bike helmet use decrease the risk of head injury and concussion. Second, the proper maintenance of your bicycle can not be understated. Ensure tires are properly inflated and the bike has been tuned by a trained professional. Lastly, injuries commonly involve cyclers being unfamiliar with the area in which they are riding. It is important to know the trails and roads you are cycling on well and obey all road and trail signs.

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